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  Badha lake is an ox bow lake found near the city of Fazlika in district Firozpur, Punjab. The town Fazlika, located about 85 km southwest of the district headquarter Firozpur and only 11 km away from the India-Pakistan border, owns its existence due to this lake. The lake is 150 acres in size and was fed by the Sutlej river. Till 1960, the lake was full of water and supported various species of migratory bird and the the groundwater was available at the depth of 4 m below the ground. Between 1844-1946, the lake was the source of drinking water for the town. The Indus Water Treaty in 1960 caused the Sutlej river to be truncated at Suleimanki Head Works by the Water Commission of the Central government, leaving it with no source of water. According to B. Singh, Professor of IIT, Roorkee, “The stretch of stream from Ferozepur to Fazilka hardly gets any water from Satluj; all the 105-kilometre stretch carries is waste from the leather industry of Kasur in Pakistan. This has affected the ecology badly and has left many such smaller horse-shoe lakes on its banks dry,"

The lake-bed is now listed as panchayat land in the local revenue department's documents and has been leased out for cultivation. The groundwater level has gone down to 30 m below the ground. In 2000, the Punjab State Council for Science and Technology (PSCST) submitted a report to the state Environment Department stating that the conservation of this wetland is essential.

"Repeated attempts have been made to construct colonies and to mine sand from its dry bed, but vigil by some local people has helped stop the area from becoming a concrete jungle," says Navdeep Asija, a Chandirah based researcher.
Residential colony construction against laws in wetland zone of Badha Lake disturbing fragile ecosystem of Fazilka, authorities silent

Singh, Bhupinder Thakar, 2008. Wailing over a murdered lake. The Badha. Printed and Published by Er. Jasspreet Singh, GWAF.37 p

  September 2010: Union Minister for Environment and Forests visits the lake visited the lake and promised that CPCB will take possible steps to clean the lake.      

Dr. Bhupinder Singh
Urja Purush Uttarakhand
Indian Institute of Roorkee
Phone: +91-1332-270534, Mobile: +91-9897130865
Fax: +91-1332-285740/2735660,
E mail:

Navdeep Asija
Civil Engineering Department,
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110 016.,


Punjab State Council for Science & Technology (PSCST)
MGSIPA Complex, Adjacent Sacred Heart School, Sector-26 Chandigarh
Phone : 0172-2795001, 2792325, 2792787, 2793198
Fax : 0172-2793143
E-mail :,,

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